In the developed countries, first of all in the USA, the share of the workers of information sector of economy in total number occupied already exceeds 50%.1 Contribution of information sector to GNP of the developed countries, by different estimates, makes 10-25%.
This property of information product - difficulty of production and relative simplicity of replication - creates, in particular, many problems in connection with definition of the property rights within the sphere of information activities.
The standard classification of information goods and services does not exist today. Let's stop on some of the applied approaches to allocation of certain categories of information product on the basis of these or those signs.
The variety of types of information predetermines a wide range of consumers of information goods and services. Owing to that that on information both consumer and production demand is shown, it is a subject of both individual, and production consumption. But today the bulk of information products is consumed by firms, but not individual users. The production technology, an operational administrative, market researches, business consultations - here examples of use of information products by the enterprises. In turn direct purchases of information goods and services
On the other hand, there is a set of information goods and services which are not result of information activities. It first of all material components which are necessary for production, processing, storage and distribution of information.
Thirdly, different ways of providing information are convenient to different consumers of information goods and services, after all consumption of information product demands efforts. In it property of addressing of information consists.
So, F. Makhlup allocated 30 branches connected with production of knowledge and divided them into five groups: education, scientific researches and development, mass media and communication, data-processing machines and equipment, information uslugi.6
In turn the market of information goods and services is the most dynamically developing today. The information business which became to one of the most profitable and perspective attracts more and more firms. Information requirements of different levels grow fast rates that expands possibilities of information exchange, conducts to emergence everything new information products, stimulates development of all types of information activities.
The information sphere covers a wide range of goods and services. The market of information includes such sectors as communications, education, scientific and technical researches, the press, cinema, advertizing, administrative activity etc.
In my opinion, expediency of this or that approach to allocation of types of information prdukt is defined by the direct research objectives developed by methods of the statistical account, possibility of comparisons as at the level of the enterprises and separate sectors of economy, and at the international level.
Experience of many developing countries shows that priority development of information production owing to strategic character of information resources in development of modern society allowed many states to overcome a huge gap in the level of economic and social development in comparison with the developed countries.
Bright manifestation of these tendencies is significant increase in number occupied with information activities, i.e. the activity connected with production, processing, storage and distribution of information.
Classical example positive information eksternaly is financing by separate firms of scientific researches and development which results often become property of a wide range of interested persons. Patents or licenses can be means of elimination of positive outer effects of information proievodstvo.
Let's note that in the international practice, even since F.Makhlup's works, as a rule, carry to information goods actually products of information activities and auxiliary products, i.e. the providing production, storage, processing and distribution of information.
Together with growth of number of producers in the information market the circle of the offered goods and services extends, quality of production and service increases, i.e. production becomes more mobile and flexible that answers the character of information goods.