Two main stages of development of philosophical thought in Ancient China: a stage of origin of philosophical views which covers the period of the VIII-VI centuries BC, and to a stage of blossoming of philosophical thought - to a rivalry stage of "100 schools" which traditionally belongs to the VI-III centuries BC.
In such literary historical monuments as "Shi a jing", "Shue a jing", we meet the certain philosophical ideas which evolved from synthesis of direct labor and socio-historical practice of people. However original blossoming of ancient Chinese philosophy falls on the period of VI-III in BC which is called by right the Golden Age of the Chinese philosophy. During this period there are such works of philosophical and sociological thought, as "Dao a jing", "Lun of yuiya", "Mo-tszy", "Maine-tszy", "Zhuang-tszy". During this period great thinkers Lao-Zi, Confucius, Mo-tszy, Zhuang-tszy, Xun-tszy make the concepts and ideas. During this period there is a formation of the Chinese schools - Taoism, Confucianism, Mohism, Legalism, the naturalistic philosophy representatives who had then enormous impact on all subsequent development of the Chinese philosophy. During this period those problems arise. Those concepts and categories which then become traditional for all subsequent history of the Chinese philosophy, up to the latest time.
Confucius said that "everything is originally predetermined by destiny and here nothing can neither be lowered, nor to add" ("Mo-tszy"," Against Confucians", h. II). Confucius said that the noble husband has to feel fear of heavenly destiny, and even emphasized: "Who does not recognize destiny, that cannot be considered as the noble husband".
"Function of the sky" is a natural process of emergence and development of things which entrance also the person is born. Xun-tszy considers the person as sochstavny part of the nature - the sky and its sense organs, feelings and soul of the person calls "heavenly", that is natural. The person and his soul are result of natural development of the nature.
Many mythological images pass into the latest philosophical treatises. The philosophers living in the V-III century BC often address to myths to prove the concepts of true board and the norms of the correct behavior of the person. At the same time Confucians carry out an istorization of myths, demythologization of plots and images of ancient myths. "Istorization of myths consisting in aspiration to humanize actions of all mythical characters was the main task of Confucians. Seeking to bring mythical legends into accord with dogmas of the doctrine, Confucians worked much to turn spirits into people and for myths and legends to find a rational explanation. So the myth became part of traditional history". The rationalized myths become part of philosophical ideas, doctrines, and characters of myths - the historic figures used for the sermon of the Confucian doctrine.
However and in China in process of development of class fight and growth of property differentiation in a community there was a process of allocation of the person as individual; it gradually became a subject of reflection of philosophers.
The philosophy of Ancient China is closely connected with mythology. However this communication had some features following from specifics of mythology in China. The Chinese myths appear first of all as historical legends about last dynasties, about "Golden Age".
Confucianism expressing mainly interests of a nobility which domination fell into decay was exposed to serious blows from "new rich men" from among prosperous obshchinnik, merchants etc.
Other feature of development of the Chinese philosophy it is connected with that natural-science supervision of the Chinese scientists did not find, behind a small exception, more or less adequate expression in philosophy as philosophers, as a rule, did not consider it necessary to address to natural sciences materials. Perhaps, the only exception something like that is the school of Mohists and school of naturalistic philosophy representatives which, however, after Zhou's era stopped the existence.